What is HTML Tags:
HTML Tags are the basic building blocks of a webpage. Tags are just some hidden keywords that define how an element of a webpage will be displayed and formatted in the browser. It usually comes in pairs – opening tag and closing tag. HTML tags are not case sensitive , that means you can write in both lowercase and uppercase letters. But the convention is to write in lowercase letters.
How HTML Tags Looks Like:
The basic syntax of a tag is like this :
->It has opening and closing tag and content in between
->Both opening and closing tags are surrounded by Angel Brackets
->The closing tag is the same as the opening tag but starts with a forward slash.
Self Closing Tags:
There are few tags that do not require the closing tag. These kinds of tags are called self closing tags which looks like this:
In HTML5, the latest version of HTML, it is not mandatory to use forward slash in self closing tag. So you can write just <tagname>
Real Example of Tags:
Here are few examples of tags that are used very frequently.
<p> Paragraph Tag </p>
Used to display paragraphs of text on a webpage.
<h1> Heading Tag </h1>
This is the header tag. Usually used to display titles in a webpage. There are other heading tags available like h2, h3 ,h4, h5, h6
<strong> Bold Tag </strong>
Used to make a text bold.
<i> Italic </i>
Used to make text italic format
<u> Underline </u>
Used to add underline under text
Example of self closing tags:
<br>, <img> etc.
Don’t worry if you don’t understand the meaning of those specific tags. I will go through each and every tags in my upcoming tutorials.