HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the main language used to build web pages. It is a markup language that determines the content and structure of a web page by making use of a series of tags and attributes. HTML is essential in the web development process. Learning HTML is the first step towards building interactive and dynamic web pages
Origin of HTML
HTML was first created in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee. Berners-Lee is a computer scientist who was working at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. He wanted to find an easy way for scientists to spread information and collaborate on various research projects over the internet.
In the early stage, HTML was very basic, with only a few tags for creating headings, paragraphs, and maybe lists. HTML has now evolved to include more advanced features such as forms, tables, and multimedia content.
The latest version of the language is called HTML5 which was released in 2014. It has lots of new features such as native video and audio support, improved semantics, and better accessibility.
An HTML Document's Structure
There are two main parts in a HTML document : the head and the body. The head part includes the information about the document, such as the title, links to stylesheet etc. The body section contains the actual content of the document, which is shown in the browser.
HTML uses several tags that define the structure and content of a web page. Tags are used as angle brackets, and most of the tags have an opening and a closing tag. For example, the <h1> tag is used to define a title, and it has an opening tag (<h1>) and a closing tag (</h1>).
Tags may also include attributes, which gives more information about the element. For instance, the tag can be used to display an image in a web page, and it has few attributes such as ‘src’ which defines the URL of the image and alt attribute which provides a text description of the image for accessibility.
HTML's Significance in the Development of Websites
HTML is the basis of website development. By providing the structure and content of a webpage, HTML plays a crucial role for building websites that are user-friendly, accessible, and optimized for search engines
HTML is a fundamental component of web development and a language that is imperative for every web developer to acquire expertise in. Understanding the fundamentals of HTML enables developers to develop websites that are optimized for search engines, user-friendly, and accessible. Since the introduction of HTML5, the language has gained more potency, equipping developers with advanced tools and features to build interactive, dynamic web pages. Regardless of whether you are a novice or a proficient developer, HTML is a language that demands your attention and expertise.